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Scripture Reading: Luke 22:14-20

The Passover: Fulfilled in Christ



1.  The Lord's Passover occurred in Egypt, Exo. 12:7-12.

2.  Jesus kept the Passover with apostles before His death, Matt. 26:18-19.

3.  The Passover has profound significance to those who put their faith in Jesus.



  A.  The Annual Passover Feast (the Lord’s Passover):

    1.  Commanded of and given to Israel, Exo. 12:43-49.

    2.  A memorial of divine deliverance, Exo. 12:13-14, 23-28.

    3.  When, how and who, Exo. 12:3-11, 43-49.[i]

      a.  Proper time, 12:3, 6.

      b.  Proper blood put in right places, 12:7.

      c.  Proper meal, 12:8-10, 46.

      d.  Proper people, 12:43, 47.

  B.  This Passover is not Observed by Christians, Col. 2:16-17.

    1.  A shadow of what is available to you in Jesus Christ.

    2.  As great as the Lord’s Passover was in Egypt, it was only a silhouette to what is accomplished in Christ.



  A.  God Sees the Blood of the Lamb! Rev. 5:8-9

    1.  God has provided the Lamb of God, Jno. 1:29. (Sinless, perfect)

    2.  The Lamb has been slain; the sacrifice for sins has been made, Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:26-28 (14).

    3.  The blood, when properly applied, redeems sinners, 1 Pet. 1:18-19 (2); Eph. 1:7; Rom. 3:23-26.

      a.  When the believer is baptized into the death of Jesus, Rom. 6:3.

      b.  God “sees the blood” and washes away sin, Acts 22:16.

      c.  Deliverance from bondage of sin and death, Rom. 6:6-7 (7:24).

  B.  The Passover is Fulfilled in the Kingdom of God, Lk. 22:16.

    1.  Fulfill: “accomplish, consummate, carry to the end, complete.”

    2.  Jesus has fulfilled (accomplished) the law and the prophets, which includes the Passover (Matt. 5:17-18).  

    3.  The blood of our Passover lamb (Christ) grants us deliverance from sin (Isa. 53:7; Rom. 10:4; 1 Pet. 1:19). 

    4.  Therefore, the OT Passover, a memorial of national deliverance from bondage,  has been fulfilled in the blood of Christ that delivers us from the bondage of sin. 

    5.  The result: A kingdom of blood-bought saints who, each week, remember the “blood of the new covenant” by which they are redeemed (Rev. 5:9-10; Matt. 26:28).

    6.  Christians keep a daily “feast” as we live by faith in sincerity and truth, 1 Cor. 5:8.


III.  THE LORD’S SUPPER, Lk. 22:18-20.

  A.  Jesus Communes with His Disciples in a New Memorial in His Father’s Kingdom – the Lord’s Supper, Matt. 26:29; 1 Cor. 10:16.

    1.  Jesus would never again partake of the Jewish feast of Passover.

    2.  He shares with us when we eat His supper, 1 Cor. 11:20.

  B.  The Israel of God Eats the Lord’s Supper, not the Lord’s Passover, Lk. 22:18.

    1.  The church of Christ is the Israel of God, Gal. 6:16; 4:28; Rom. 9:6-8.

    2.  You must be born again into the family of God, Jno. 3:3-5.

    3.  God’s people eat the Lord’s Supper every week, Acts 20:7.



1.  The mighty hand of God to save and to destroy was seen on that dark night in Egypt when the destroyer passed over Israel’s firstborn and killed the firstborn throughout Egypt.

2.  The same mighty hand of God is outstretched to save and to punish.

3.  Allow God to apply the blood of our Passover Lamb (Christ) by obeying His gospel in full faith, confession, repentance and baptism (Acts 22:16).


[i]The ordinance of pesah micrayim, the last meal in Egypt, included the following provisions: (1) the taking of a lamb, or kid without blemish, for each household on the 10th of the month; (2) the killing of the lamb on the 14th at even; (3) the sprinkling of the blood on doorposts and lintels of the houses in which it was to be eaten; (4) the roasting of the lamb with fire, its head with its legs and inwards - the lamb was not to be eaten raw nor sodden (bāshal) with water; (5) the eating of unleavened bread and bitter herbs; (6) eating in haste, with loins girded, shoes on the feet, and staff in hand; (7) and remaining in the house until the morning; (8) the burning of all that remained; the Passover could be eaten only during the night (Ex 12:1-23).” (Passover, I.S.B.E.)


By: Joe R. Price

Posted: April 5, 2013