Topical Sermons Power Point Show
Scripture Reading: Psalms 119:1-8
How to Study the Bible (2)
1. How to study the Bible is critical.
a. 1 Tim. 2:3-4 – Knowledge of the truth necessary to be saved!
b. Jno. 14:21-24 – We must understand the words of Jesus in order to have His commandments & keep them – In order to love Him!
2. Part 1: Dedicate, decide, define, discover.
3. Continued from Part 1...
V. DISCERN THE MEANING & APPLICATION OF THE TEXT.
-Illus. 2 Tim. 2:14-16 – We must distinguish between “words to no profit” & the “word of truth.”
1. Know the Biblical dispensations of time.
a. Divisions of time in the Bible & how God dispensed His will & blessings in each – Heb. 1:1-2.
b. Without this discernment, much misunderstanding occurs! (cf. Instrumental music in worship; 10 commandments; Sabbath, etc.)
c. Dispensations: Patriarchal (Father rule) – Creation to Sinai; Mosaic (Jewish, law of Moses) – Mt. Sinai to cross (Rom. 2:12-15; Rom. 7:4, 6); Christian (gospel age) – Cross to the end of time (Matt. 28:18-20). NT is our standard of authority, not OT (Heb. 1:2; Col. 3:17).
d. Illus. – Acts 15:5: Error because they failed to grasp the change of law – 2 Cor. 3:14 (Heb. 7:12).
2. Decide if the language is literal or figurative.
a. Principle: Take statements as literal unless the context forces a figurative interpretation.
“All words are to be understood in their literal sense, unless the evident meaning of the context forbids. –Figures are the exception, literal language the rule; hence we are not to regard anything as figurative until we feel compelled to do so by the evident import of the passage.” (D.R. Dungan, Hermeneutics, 184)
b. Illus. Jonah 1:17 – Historical fact of great fish swallowing Jonah; Jesus confirmed this to be literal fish (Matt. 12:40).
c. Illus. Gen. 3:1 – Serpent tempted Eve; Satan spoke through a literal serpent, 2 Cor. 11:3.
d. Illus. Gen. 1:5 – Is “day” figurative of an age, or 24 hours? Conclude it is a literal day because of how it is used in Exo. 20:11.
e. Illus. Book of Revelation – 1:1-3.
3. Let plain passages help explain harder ones – 2 Pet. 3:16.
-Illus. 1 Cor. 15:29 – Baptism “for the dead” – allow Mk. 16:15-16 help us understand that baptism is for the living, who believe after hearing gospel. Can’t believe for someone else; can’t be baptized for others.
4. The harmony of God’s word must be respected.
a. Don’t interpret a passage so as to conflict w/ another, Matt. 4:5-7.
b. An interpretation of Jno. 3:16 that ignores Jas. 2:24 is wrong!
c. Accomplish this by considering all God has said on the subject – Psa. 119:160.
VI. DEFER TO THE AUTHORITY OF THE SCRIPTURES.
1. Do not come to the Bible with an agenda (a predisposed opinion).
a. Bible “study” becomes searching for “proof-texts” to support what you have already decided!)
b. Illus. Faith only (Jas. 2:24); Sabbath-keeping (Col. 2:14-17)…
2. Respect the binding authority of the Scriptures.
a. Illus. Lk. 10:25-29 – He understood the law but wanted to justify himself.
b. Scriptures are the commands of the Lord, finally & completely – 1 Cor. 14:37; 2 Tim. 3:16-17.
3. Respect the silence of the Scriptures – Heb. 7:11-14.
4. Respect the boundary of the Scriptures – 1 Cor. 4:6; Gal. 1:8-9; 2 Jno. 9.
VII. DO THE WILL OF GOD.
-Does this teaching apply to me? If so, how? – Jas. 1:22-25
1. To be saved – Lk. 6:46; Matt. 7:21.
2. To be blessed & approved by God – Jno. 13:17; Rev. 22:14; 2 Tim. 2:15.
3. To give answers for your hope – 1 Pet. 3:15.
4. To teach others the gospel – 2 Tim. 2:2; 1 Tim. 4:16.
1. How to study the Bible?
-Dedicate, decide, define, discover, discern, defer & do-
2. What a shame if our study of the Bible should be in vain because we do not properly understand what we are reading! – Matt. 13:13-15
3. But what a blessing when we understand & obey the words of God! – Matt. 13:16-17