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Scripture Reading: Isaiah 53:-6
Christ's Cup of Grief
1. Cup: Container, by metonymy, its contents; figuratively as "a figure of speech to represent one's portion of or participation in something." 
2. Jesus used "cup" to describe the grief and pain He experienced while accomplishing the Father's plan of human redemption, cf. Matt. 20:22-23.
3. Jesus was completely willing to "drink" the cup the Father gave Him, Jno. 18:10-11.
4. The cup of grief borne by the Man of sorrows for our salvation.
I. THE CUP OF GRIEF OVER A FAITHLESS NATION.
A. Christ was Grieved that Jerusalem Rejected Him, Matt. 23:36-39.
1. Divine sorrow over Israel's disobedience, Rom. 10:21 (Isa. 65:2).
2. Divine anger mingled with sorrow, Isa. 65:3; Ezek. 18:32; cf. Lam. 3:31-33.
B. Divine Judgment brought Grief, Luke 23:26-31.
C. The Gospel Replaces Sorrow with Joy, Jno. 16:21-22, 33; Rev. 21:4.
-God's grief and anger over sin prompts judgment but also provides redemption's joy, Psa. 30:5 (God's heart toward Ephraim, Jer. 31:20).
II. THE CUP OF GRIEF OVER FALTERING APOSTLES, cf. Matt. 17:16-17.
A. Overconfident Apostles, Matt. 26:31-35, 40-41 (Lk. 22:45).
1. Sin grieves God, Eph. 4:29-30.
2. God is grieved when Christians falter in faith, Heb. 6:6; 10:29.
B. Humble Endurance Pleases Christ, Phil. 3:12-16.
III. THE CUP OF GRIEF OVER THE CROSS, Matt. 20:22; Mk. 14:36.
A. The Cup of Humiliation, Acts 8:32-33 (Isa. 53:7-8).
1. The complete submission of Jesus to the Father's will meant humbling Himself to humiliating treatment by lawless men, Phil. 2:8; Isa. 50:6; Mk. 14:65; Lk. 23:11; Jno. 19:1-3, 10-11.
2. Jesus set an example of not being overwhelmed by sorrow, but patiently drinking the cup of humiliation for doing good, 1 Pet. 2:20-22; 3:13-14.
B. The Cup of Pain and Death, Luke 22:42-46.
1. Scourging, Matt. 27:26.
2. Mockery and beating from Roman soldiers, Matt. 27:27-31.
3. Crucifixion, Matt. 27:35. "Slow death with maximum pain and suffering".
4. Darkness of the cross, Matt. 27:45-46 (Jno. 16:32).
5. Death, Luke 23:44-46.
a. The incredible way in which Jesus "drank" this cup: He "despised" the shame (held it in contempt, looked down on), Heb. 12:2.
b. No greater love, Jno. 15:13; Rom. 5:8.
1. Know "the fellowship of His sufferings" and be "conformed to His death", Phil. 3:10 (7-12). The full submission and surrender of self to Christ.
2. Jesus: The Man of Sorrows so we might have joy. In this world we will have tribulation, but we take courage because Christ has overcome the world! Jno. 16:33
 Elwell, W. A., & Beitzel, B. J. (1988). In Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House
By: Joe R. Price
Posted: June 19, 2014