Character Studies

Lesson 15

SAMUEL

Now the LORD came and stood and called as at other times, "Samuel! Samuel!" And Samuel answered, "Speak, for Your servant hears." (1 Sam. 3:10)

Text: 1 Samuel 1-28
Name: "Heard of God" or "Asked of God"
Time: End of Judges period, Beginning of
King period
Place: Hill country of Ephraim
Occupation: Judge, prophet
References: Psa. 99:6; Jer. 15:1; Acts 3:24; Acts 13:20

SAMUEL'S CHILDHOOD
1 Samuel 1-3
His birth an answer to the prayers of Hannah (1:1-20)
Given to the Lord as a Nazirite (1:11, 20-28)
Hannah's prayer of joy (2:1-10)
Samuel grew up assisting Eli the high priest (2:11, 18-21, 26)
Eli's death predicted by an unnamed prophet (2:27-36; cf. 2:12-17)

SAMUEL AND ELI
1 Samuel 1-3
A child who served well (2:11, 18; 3:1)
A student who grew under Eli's training (2:26)
A prophet who announced God's judgment against the house of Eli (3:11-18)
Samuel was established as a prophet in Israel (3:19-4:1)

SAMUEL AND THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL
1 Samuel 4-8
Philistines defeated Israel and took the ark of the covenant (4:1-11)
The death of Eli (4:12-22)
The Philistines and the ark (5:1-7:2)
Israel defeated the Philistines and Samuel judged Israel (7:2-17)
Israel demanded a king (8:1-22)

SAMUEL AND SAUL
1 Samuel 9-15, 28
Samuel meets and anoints Saul (9:1-10:1)
Samuel instructs Saul and proclaims him king over Israel (10:2-27)
Samuel's address at Saul's coronation (12:1-25)
Samuel announced God's rejection of Saul as king (15:1-35)
Samuel appeared to Saul after his death (28:1-25)

SAMUEL AND DAVID
1 Samuel 16
Samuel sent to the house of Jesse to anoint a new king (16:1)
Samuel's fear is eased (16:2-5)
Samuel anointed David (16:6-13)

SAMUEL'S CHARACTER
Devoted, holy servant of God (1:11)
Faithful and favored (2:26; Heb. 11:32)
Truthful (3:18)
Honorable (9:6)
Courageous (15:10-33)
Humble (Psa. 99:6)

LESSONS FROM SAMUEL
When we are troubled we should turn to the Lord.
God hears and answers prayer.
We should receive God's blessings with thanksgiving.
We can sometimes judge others unfairly (1 Sam. 1:14).
We should grow in favor with both the Lord and men (1 Sam. 2:26).
Like Samuel, we must listen and heed the word of the Lord.
God's word is truth and will not fail.
Faithful servants of God are recognized by others.
God sees men's hearts.

QUESTIONS
1. What was at Shiloh? What happened there? (1:3)

2. What vow did Hannah make? Was she sincere? (1:8-18, 20-28)

3. Name the attributes of God praised by Hannah in her prayer of thanksgiving. (2:1-10)

4. How did Hannah show herself to be a godly mother?

5. Who were the sons of Eli? Contrast them with Samuel. (1:3; 2:11-17)

6. Why did the Lord bring judgment upon the house of Eli? (2:1)

7. What annual circuit did Samuel make while judging Israel? (7:15-17)

8. What did Samuel's sons do? (8:1-3)

9. Why did Israel demand a king? (8:4-9, 19-22; 12:12; Hosea 13:10-11)

10. What was the purpose of anointing?

11. On what occasions did Samuel show courage?

12. Did the medium cause Samuel to speak to Saul? (27:3-19)